Chinese New Year – All Information About Chinese New Year 2018

Chinese New Year – All Information About Chinese New Year 2018

Chinese New Year: – The New Year is celebrated is on the first day of every year. On the New Year, the celebration is made by the people with much enthusiasm and excitement. Generally, as per the English calendar, the new year is celebrated all over the world on the first of January every year. Besides the January first of every year, people from some of the countries celebrate New Year on the different date. People from Nepal celebrate New Year on the first of Baishakh every year.

Similarly, other countries like China, Japan, Korea and many others do have its own new year too. Wherever and whenever is the New Year, people of that specific place celebrate the new year with much enthusiasm and delight? The new year in every country has its own significance with some legend and stories attached to it. The people of the country celebrate the new year more than another festival. These legends and stories attached to the celebration reason reveal the significance of celebrating the new year.

Introduction to Chinese New Year

Since some of the countries has its own calendar, different days are considered new year for the native of that country besides the January 1st. China falls into the category of such country where the Chinese people follow their own Chinese calendar and has its different new year day. Besides, the culture of the country also affects the celebration of that country on the new year day. The Chinese calendar reveals some day of the first month as the new year day on China and from that very day, the new year begins.

Chinese new year is the generally known as “spring festival”, in China and is the important festival among another Chinese festival.The Chinese new year is celebrated as per the traditional lunisolar Chinese calendar. The celebration of the new year in China generally runs from the evening before the first day, to the Lantern Festival on the 15th day of the first month of the calendar. The first day of the Chinese New Year normally falls on the new moon between 21stJanuaury and 20th February. If we see about the year 2017, the first day of the Chinese New Year was on Saturday, 28th January, which was initiated as the “year of the Rooster”.

About Chinese New Year 2018 - A year of Dog
About Chinese New Year 2018 – A year of Dog

The New Year festival celebrated in China is celebrated from the centuries aback traditionally and has several myths and culture attached to it. Generally, the festival is celebrated as the respect to the ancestors and their own traditions. Chinese New Year is not only celebrated in China only but is also celebrated in different other countries where the significant number of the population includes Chinese populations. The different other countries where Chinese new year is celebrated including China are Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Mauritius, Australia, and the Philippines.On the Chinese new year, the major festival, the holiday is given to the Chinese by the China government and also has the huge influence on the lunar new year celebrations of its geographic neighbors.

Within the large and huge country China, the celebration of the new year varies according to the customs and traditions of the specific place. Normally, Chinese families gather for the reunion dinner with their family and friends, on the evening that precedes the particular new year day. Like in Nepal and India during the Dipawali festival, the Chinese also clean their house with the myth that through sweeping they will also sweep away all the misfortune and bad luck from the house and only good luck rule their house.

The people also decorate their house on the basis of the theme of good luck, happiness, wealth and long life. Windows and doors are decorated on the same theme with the red colored papers. Similarly, as in other countries, the Chinese people also celebrate their new year festival lighting the firecrackers and giving the relatives with the money in the envelopes of red color. Of the total population of the country, about one-third of the i.e. about 500 million are the residents of the Northern part and they popularly have dumplings (especially those of vegetarian fillings) in the meals celebrating the festival with their family and friends.

Therefore, it is also said that the new year festival of China, is one of the world’s most happening and celebrated festivals, with the “largest annual mass human migration in the world”. Since the lunisolar Chinese calendar is used to determine the occurrence of any festival that falls as per the Chinese calendar. The calendar though is also used by the people of the countries that are related with, China – such as Korea, Japan, and Vietnam, even though the date of celebration might differ by one day or even one moon cycle because of the difference in time zone.

As per the Gregorian calendar, Chinese New Year begins at the new moon that falls between 21st January and 20th February. The median date of Chinese New Year’s Day falls on 4thor 5thofFebruary i.e. known as lichen which means the “start of spring” in Chinese.  This is the solar term next to the term “Dahan” which means “major cold” in the Chinese language. As per the Chinese calendar, the lunar month falls as the 11th month, which means that Chinese New Year usually falls on the second new moon after the winter solstice and can rarely fall on the third if an intercalary month intervenes.

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The Gregorian Calendar dates for Chinese New Year from 1912 to 2101 is related to the years with the animal zodiac and its Stem-branch. Within the 12-year cycle of the animal zodiac, there is a 10-year cycle of heavenly stems. Each of the ten heavenly stems is associated with one of the five elements of Chinese astrology, namely: Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal, and Water. These elements are generally rotated in every two years. With the association of “Ying” and “Yang” alternatively in every year, the elements of Chinese astrology are rotated every year.  Now, the elements are is named as Yang Wood, Yin Wood, Yang Fire, Yin Fire, Yang Earth, Yin Earth, Yang Metal, Yin Metal, Yang Water and Yin water. These form the cycle that repeats in every 60 years. For example, the year of the Yang Fire Rat occurred in 1936 and in 1996 with the 60 years apart. This can be evident from the summarized table mentioned below:

Chinese New Year Calendar (1930 – 2030)

Years Dates Lasting Days  (Month-Date-Year)  Animal Signs
1930 Jan. 30, 1930 (Thursday) 01-30-1930 ~ 02-16-1931 Horse
1931 Feb. 17, 1931 (Tuesday) 02-17-1931 ~ 02-05-1932 Sheep
1932 Feb. 6, 1932 (Saturday) 02-06-1932 ~ 01-25-1933 Monkey
1933 Jan. 26, 1933 (Thursday) 01-26-1933 ~ 02-13-1934 Rooster
1934 Feb. 14, 1934 (Wednesday) 02-14-1934 ~ 02-03-1935 Dog
1935 Feb. 4, 1935 (Monday) 02-04-1935 ~ 01-23-1936 Pig
1936 Jan. 24, 1936 (Friday) 01-24-1936 ~ 02-10-1937 Rat
1937 Feb. 11, 1937 (Thursday) 02-11-1937 ~ 01-30-1938 Ox
1938 Jan. 31, 1938 (Monday) 01-31-1938 ~ 02-18-1939 Tiger
1939 Feb. 19, 1939 (Sunday) 02-19-1939 ~ 02-07-1940 Rabbit
1940 Feb. 8, 1940(Thursday) 02-08-1940 ~ 01-26-1941 Dragon
1941 Jan. 27, 1941 (Monday) 01-27-1941 ~ 02-14-1942 Snake
1942 Feb. 15, 1942 (Sunday) 02-15-1942 ~ 02-03-1943 Horse
1943 Feb. 4, 1943 (Friday) 02-04-1943 ~ 01-24-1944 Sheep
1944 Jan. 25, 1944 (Tuesday) 01-25-1944 ~ 02-12-1945 Monkey
1945 Feb. 13, 1945 (Tuesday) 02-13-1945 ~ 01-31-1946 Rooster
1946 Feb. 1, 1946 (Saturday) 02-01-1946 ~ 01-21-1947 Dog
1947 Jan. 22, 1947 (Wednesday) 01-22-1947 ~ 02-09-1948 Pig
1948 Feb. 10, 1948 (Tuesday) 02-10-1948 ~ 01-28-1949 Rat
1949 Jan. 29, 1949 (Saturday) 01-29-1949 ~ 02-16-1950 Ox
1950 Feb. 17, 1950 (Friday) 02-17-1950 ~ 02-05-1951 Tiger
1951 Feb. 6, 1951 (Tuesday) 02-06-1951 ~ 01-26-1952 Rabbit
1952 Jan. 27, 1952 (Sunday) 01-27-1952 ~ 02-13-1953 Dragon
1953 Feb. 14, 1953 (Saturday) 02-14-1953 ~ 02-02-1954 Snake
1954 Feb. 3, 1954 (Wednesday) 02-03-1954 ~ 01-23-1955 Horse
1955 Jan. 24, 1955 (Monday) 01-24-1955 ~ 02-11-1956 Sheep
1956 Feb. 12, 1956 (Sunday) 02-12-1956 ~ 01-30-1957 Monkey
1957 Jan. 31, 1957 (Thursday) 01-31-1957 ~ 02-17-1958 Rooster
1958 Feb. 18, 1958 (Tuesday) 02-18-1958 ~ 02-07-1959 Dog
1959 Feb. 8, 1959 (Sunday) 02-08-1959 ~ 01-27-1960 Pig
1960 Jan. 28, 1960 (Thursday) 01-28-1960 ~ 02-14-1961 Rat
1961 Feb. 15, 1961 (Wednesday) 02-15-1961 ~ 02-04-1962 Ox
1962 Feb. 5, 1962 (Monday) 02-05-1962 ~ 01-24-1963 Tiger
1963 Jan. 25, 1963 (Friday) 01-25-1963 ~ 02-12-1964 Rabbit
1964 Feb. 13, 1964 (Thursday) 02-13-1964 ~ 02-01-1965 Dragon
1965 Feb. 2, 1965 (Tuesday) 02-02-1965 ~ 01-20-1966 Snake
1966 Jan. 21, 1966 (Friday) 01-21-1966 ~ 02-08-1967 Horse
1967 Feb. 9, 1967 (Thursday) 02-09-1967 ~ 01-29-1968 Sheep
1968 Jan. 30, 1968 (Tuesday) 01-30-1968 ~ 02-16-1969 Monkey
1969 Feb. 17, 1969 (Monday) 02-17-1969 ~ 02-05-1970 Rooster
1970 Feb. 6, 1970 (Friday) 02-06-1970 ~ 01-26-1971 Dog
1971 Jan. 27, 1971 (Wednesday) 01-27-1971 ~ 02-14-1972 Pig
1972 Feb. 15, 1972 (Tuesday) 02-15-1972 ~ 02-02-1973 Rat
1973 Feb. 3, 1973 (Saturday) 02-03-1973 ~ 01-22-1974 Ox
1974 Jan. 23, 1974 (Wednesday) 01-23-1974 ~ 02-10-1975 Tiger
1975 Feb. 11, 1975 (Tuesday) 02-11-1975 ~ 01-30-1976 Rabbit
1976 Jan. 31, 1976 (Saturday) 01-31-1976 ~ 02-17-1977 Dragon
1977 Feb. 18, 1977 (Friday) 02-18-1977 ~ 02-06-1978 Snake
1978 Feb. 7, 1978 (Tuesday) 02-07-1978 ~ 01-27-1979 Horse
1979 Jan. 28, 1979 (Sunday) 01-28-1979 ~ 02-15-1980 Sheep
1980 Feb. 16, 1980 (Saturday) 02-16-1980 ~ 02-04-1981 Monkey
1981 Feb. 5, 1981 (Thursday) 02-05-1981 ~ 01-24-1982 Rooster
1982 Jan. 25, 1982 (Monday) 01-25-1982 ~ 02-12-1983 Dog
1983 Feb. 13, 1983 (Sunday) 02-13-1983 ~ 02-01-1984 Pig
1984 Feb. 2, 1984 (Wednesday) 02-02-1984 ~ 02-19-1985 Rat
1985 Feb. 20, 1985 (Sunday) 02-20-1985 ~ 02-08-1986 Ox
1986 Feb. 9, 1986 (Sunday) 02-09-1986 ~ 01-28-1987 Tiger
1987 Jan. 29, 1987 (Thursday) 01-29-1987 ~ 02-16-1988 Rabbit
1988 Feb. 17, 1988 (Wednesday) 02-17-1988 ~ 02-05-1989 Dragon
1989 Feb. 6, 1989 (Monday) 02-06-1989 ~ 01-26-1990 Snake
1990 Jan. 27, 1990 (Friday) 01-27-1990 ~ 02-14-1991 Horse
1991 Feb. 15, 1991 (Friday) 02-15-1991 ~ 02-03-1992 Sheep
1992 Feb. 4, 1992 (Tuesday) 02-04-1992 ~ 01-22-1993 Monkey
1993 Jan. 23, 1993 (Saturday) 01-23-1993 ~ 02-09-1994 Rooster
1994 Feb. 10, 1994 (Thursday) 02-10-1994 ~ 01-30-1995 Dog
1995 Jan. 31, 1995 (Tuesday) 01-31-1995 ~ 02-18-1996 Pig
1996 Feb. 19, 1996 (Monday) 02-19-1996 ~ 02-06-1997 Rat
1997 Feb. 7, 1997 (Friday) 02-07-1997 ~ 01-27-1998 Ox
1998 Jan. 28, 1998 (Wednesday) 01-28-1998 ~ 02-15-1999 Tiger
1999 Feb. 16, 1999 (Tuesday) 02-16-1999 ~ 02-04-2000 Rabbit
2000 Feb. 5, 2000(Friday) 02-05-2000 ~ 01-23-2001 Dragon
2001 Jan. 24, 2001 (Wednesday) 01-24-2001 ~ 02-11-2002 Snake
2002 Feb. 12, 2002 (Tuesday) 02-12-2002 ~ 01-31-2003 Horse
2003 Feb. 1, 2003 (Friday) 02-01-2003 ~ 01-21-2004 Sheep
2004 Jan. 22, 2004 (Thursday) 01-22-2004 ~ 02-08-2005 Monkey
2005 Feb. 9, 2005 (Wednesday) 02-09-2005 ~ 01-28-2006 Rooster
2006 Jan. 29, 2006 (Sunday) 01-29-2006 ~ 02-17-2007 Dog
2007 Feb. 18, 2007 (Sunday) 02-18-2007 ~ 02-06-2008 Pig
2008 Feb. 7, 2008 (Thursday) 02-07-2008 ~ 01-25-2009 Rat
2009 Jan. 26, 2009 (Monday) 01-26-2009 ~ 02-13-2010 Ox
2010 Feb. 14, 2010(Sunday) 02-14-2010 ~ 02-02-2011 Tiger
2011 Feb. 3, 2011 (Thursday) 02-03-2011 ~ 01-22-2012 Rabbit
2012 Jan. 23, 2012 (Monday) 01-23-2012 ~ 02-09-2013 Dragon
2013 Feb. 10, 2013 (Sunday) 02-10-2013 ~ 01-30-2014 Snake
2014 Jan. 31, 2014 (Friday) 01-31-2014 ~ 02-18-2015 Horse
2015 Feb. 19, 2015 (Thursday) 02-19-2015 ~ 02-07-2016 Sheep
2016 Feb. 8, 2016 (Monday) 02-08-2016 ~ 01-27-2017 Monkey
2017 Jan. 28, 2017 (Friday) 01-28-2017 ~ 02-15-2018 Rooster
2018 Feb. 16, 2018 (Friday) 02-16-2018 ~ 02-04-2019 Dog
2019 Feb. 5, 2019 (Tuesday) 02-05-2019 ~ 01-24-2020 Pig
2020 Jan. 25, 2020 (Saturday) 01-25-2020 ~ 02-11-2021 Rat
2021 Feb. 12, 2021 (Friday) 02-12-2021 ~ 01-31-2022 Ox
2022 Feb. 1, 2022 (Tuesday) 02-01-2022 ~ 01-21-2023 Tiger
2023 Jan. 22, 2023 (Sunday) 01-22-2023 ~ 02-09-2024 Rabbit
2024 Feb. 10, 2024 (Saturday) 02-10-2024 ~ 01-28-2025 Dragon
2025 Jan. 29, 2025 (Wednesday) 01-29-2025 ~ 02-16-2026 Snake
2026 Feb. 17, 2026 (Tuesday) 02-17-2026 ~ 02-05-2027 Horse
2027 Feb. 6, 2027 (Saturday) 02-06-2027 ~ 01-25-2028 Sheep
2028 Jan. 26, 2028 (Wednesday) 01-26-2028 ~ 02-12-2029 Monkey
2029 Feb. 13, 2029 (Tuesday) 02-13-2029 ~ 02-02-2030 Rooster
2030 Feb. 3, 2030 (Sunday) 02-03-2030 ~ 01-22-2031 Dog

Source: https://www.travelchinaguide.com/essential/holidays/new-year/dates.htm

Chinese New Year, therefore is also known as the “Spring Festival” in the main country China and it is also the China’s most important traditional festival. This festival is celebrated at the turn of the traditional lunisolar Chinese calendar, which consists of both Gregorian and lunar-solar calendar systems. Basically, Chinese New Year can begin anytime between late January and mid-February.

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